Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi
Established Artist – 1924–2005
Born Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi, March 7, 1924, in Edinburgh, Scotland; died April 22, 2005, in London, England. Eduardo Paolozzi, one of the founders of the 1950s British Pop Art movement, was an influential artist in post-World War II Great Britain. Paolozzi worked in a number of mediums, but was perhaps best known for his large sculptures (and one of the first to react against the all-pervading influence of Henry Moore), Eduardo Paolozzi was also a highly original printmaker some of whose collage-based silkscreened images are among the finest examples of pop art – the style he was instrumental in shaping.
Picasso’s influence is plain in the primitivistic sculptures, energetic drawings, and elegant, cubist-derived collages which Eduardo Paolozzi produced as a student. Their quality was immediately recognised, and in 1947 he was given a one-man exhibition at the Mayor Gallery, London. By then Eduardo Paolozzi had moved to Paris, armed with letters of introduction to Brancusi, Braque, Giacometti and several other famous artists. It was in Paris that Eduardo Paolozzi also produced rudimentary collages from advertisements in American glossy magazines, the lurid covers of cheap novelettes, and illustrations from scientific books. They were inspired by Dada photomontage, but they were made chiefly for his own amusement, and only shown to friends some years later. Today they are regarded as important early examples of pop art.